What is the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

Understanding the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is something that many people struggle with. However, if you have been diagnosed with either type understanding these dissimilarities could mean the difference between managing your condition and letting it rule your life for good.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Diabetes is a long-term ailment that causes sugar levels in the blood to fluctuate. Insulin is therefore needed to return blood sugar or glucose back to a safe and normal level. The main difference between type 1 and type 2 is the individual’s insulin production. If a person suffers from type 1 diabetes then the pancreas in charge of making and distributing insulin to lower glucose levels simply does not produce insulin at all.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control blood sugar levels or there is an issue with how the insulin is being received by the body’s cells.

How does lifestyle affect diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is caused by age, and individuals tend to be diagnosed either in childhood or before they reach the age of 40. Type 2 diabetes however is caused by either age, genetics or obesity, whilst those with a South Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African background may be more at risk.

Type 2 diabetes is more common than type 1, and around 90% of those with diabetes have type 2. According to the NHS, there are around 3.1 million adults with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes in the UK.

Seeking diagnosis

Diabetes testing is available privately from just £120, meaning you can get the accurate diagnosis you need for type 1 or type 2 diabetes. In addition to diabetes testing, comprehensive consultation and assessment are available to ensure you gain the support you need to manage your condition for the long term.